Africa’s corruption hotspots named and shamed

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A new anti-bribery and corruption survey has highlighted eight countries as the worst in Africa for corruption. The corruption hot spots are Angola‚ the Democratic Republic of Congo‚ Ghana‚ Kenya‚ Mozambique‚ Nigeria‚ SA and Uganda
The survey, by Africa’s largest law firm, ENSafrica, found that incidents of bribery had increased‚ but so had general awareness of anti-bribery compliance among African organisations.
ENSafrica said 24 percent of organisations had experienced an incident of bribery or corruption in the past 24 months‚ an increase of 4 percent since 2013‚ with 5 percent experiencing five or more incidents within the past 24 months.
Just more than 90 percent of organisations surveyed have a policy prohibiting bribes‚ 52 percent have an established anti-bribery compliance programme and 43 percent have conducted a detailed anti-bribery risk assessment of their bribery risks
A total of 88 organisations across Africa‚ including in Mauritius‚ participated in the survey. The survey was designed to gauge perceptions regarding an organisation’s anticorruption compliance with local and global requirements and to see how these processes compared with generally accepted anticorruption compliance best practice.
Other key findings included:
• 68 percent of those surveyed believed that third-party business partners posed the greatest source of bribery risk to their organisations;
• Only 36 percent of organisations surveyed were confident that they had proportionate procedures to mitigate bribery risks or believed they were well prepared to respond to the threat of an anti-bribery regulatory investigation;
• 62 percent of organisations now conducted due diligence screening on third parties‚ an increase of 22 percent from 2013; and
• 40 percent of organisations had a dedicated anti-bribery training programme for their employees and 15 percent provided anti-bribery training to their business partners.
‘Having an effective anti-corruption programme is more important for companies today than ever before. Many companies are now recognising the potential reputational harm‚ economic costs‚ fines‚ penalties and potential criminal prosecution that bribery and corruption pose to their business‚’ ENSafrica said in a statement.
South African authorities were commended for having introduced onerous anticorruption requirements under the Companies Act and Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act, which impose strict reporting requirements on those holding positions of authority.
‘Fewer organisations feel they are highly exposed to bribery in Africa (17 percent as opposed to 50 percent in 2013)‚ which may be attributed to organisations embracing the challenges of anti-bribery compliance and starting to build workable compliance programmes that mitigate bribery risks‚’ the company said.
Companies with top-level commitment reported fewer incidents of bribery as opposed to those without‚ it added.

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