ON the sidelines of the UN General Assembly on Sunday, African heads of state and governments met to emphasise urgent collective action and the need for greater collaboration between the United Nations and the African Development Bank (AfDB) to fast-track Africa’s development.
The meeting, convened by the AfDB the United Nations, was ‘the first of its kind’ between the two institutions to take place at the UN headquarters, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed said.
Underscoring the strong convergence between the continent’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the AfDB’s High 5s, Mohammed said it was time to join forces to deliver.
‘We are entering into the decade of action to deliver the SDG’s. The investment requirements are vast,’ Mohammed said. ‘The role of the African Development Bank is crucial to help de-risk investments and attract investment flows. Africa’s premier institution needs much more support,’ she added.
The leaders called for additional resources to drive the urgent task of Africa’s development.
Speaking at the meeting, the President of the AfDB, Akinwumi Adesina said, ‘The clock is ticking, the seconds are passing very fast, yet we still have time left on the clock. We can still close the gap. I am fully convinced that with a change of pace, driven by a greater sense of urgency, and global collective responsibility, Africa can still achieve the SDGs.’
The two-hour meeting, moderated by the African Development Bank, was attended by seven African presidents from Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Ethiopia and Lesotho, in addition to representatives of some 30 governments.
The leaders spoke of what had worked in their countries, including mainstreaming development goals into national plans, scaling up initiatives, and the implications of harmonising policies and strategic entry points for the implementation of development goals at national, regional and global levels.
Ambitious development initiatives undertaken by the Bank with regional collaboration are already showing success, such as Desert to Power, which aims to provide access to electricity for 250 million people across the 11 countries of the Sahel, 90 million of them through off-grid systems.
Vera Songwe, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa called the SDGs Africa’s ‘highest challenge.’
Stemming the tide of illicit financial flows, public debt and tax evasion would be urgent measures to be taken by leaders if they meant to stay on track, she said.
Areas for potential collaboration include climate change in Africa, gender mainstreaming, promoting private sector investment, measures to utilise risk insurance to mitigate impact of natural disasters in Africa and appropriate security arrangements to support the Bank’s operations in fragile states in on the continent.
The African Continental Free Trade Area, which came into force this year and creates the world’s largest free trade zone, will be another major area for collaboration under the partnership.
An assessment by the United Nations Development Programme has clearly shown that achieving the Bank’s High 5s will allow Africa to achieve about 90 percent of the SDGs. ‘So, the faster we deliver on the High 5s, the faster we will reach our goal and desired destination,’ Adesina said.