OVERWHELMING majorities of young Africans voiced serious concerns about environmental damages to their countries and continent in a sweeping survey that canvassed 4,200 18 to 24 year olds across 14 African nations, the African Youth Survey 2020. As the continent that is arguably the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change and least responsible for its causes, its youth remain anxious about a host of threats to their environment:
- 81 percent of respondents are concerned about climate change with Ethiopia 93 percent, Senegal 92 percent and Zambia 90 percent showing the most concern.
- Nearly nine in ten (86 percent) of respondents are worried about the immediate threat of water scarcity. In South Africa 90 percent, Ghana 90 percent, Nigeria 91 percent, Zambia 91 percent and Ethiopia 96 percent of respondents are concerned about water scarcity.
- 79 percent of respondents are vexed by mounting plastic waste issues, and the intensity behind this concern spikes to 90 percent in Ghana and Zambia and rising to 92 percent in Senegal.
- More than half of youth (58 percent) are dissatisfied with recycling efforts in their countries, with even higher levels of concern seen in Gabon (77 percent), Zambia (79 percent) and Zimbabwe (80 percent).
- In terms of potential careers, 60 percent of youth overall are interested in those relating to sustainability, indicated prominently in Nigeria (71 percent) and in Ghana (83 percent), as examples.
The findings of the multinational Survey, commissioned by the Ichikowitz Foundation and conducted by PSB Research, are meant to help develop foundations for a better global understanding of an African youth demographic all too often misunderstood.
Across the sample, 57 percent report that all countries have an equal responsibility to address climate change through renewable energy and clean technology, while 40 percent believe that most responsibility lies with the developed world. The following countries in particular supported the latter statement: Nigeria (55 percent), Gabon (47 percent), Senegal (46 percent) and Congo-Brazzaville (45 percent). Ultimately, African youth seem less interested in who caused climate change and care more about addressing it, suggesting an emerging sense of Afro-Responsibility.
However, climate change and environmental degradation are not yet major concerns for African youth when viewed in the context of what they believe to be the most pressing issues. Only 2 percent of the youth interviewed believe that climate change is the most pressing issue in their country today, pointing instead to unemployment (26 percent), corruption (14 percent), political instability (9 percent) and the rising cost of living (9 percent) as primary concerns.
Ivor Ichikowitz, African industrialist, philanthropist and Chairman of the Ichikowitz Family Foundation said: ‘It is clear that Africa’s youth are severely impacted by the causes of climate change. In one of the most insightful findings, the African Youth Survey found that a majority of African youth are less interested in who caused climate change and care more about the action needed to tackle it. Most youth hold their own countries and governments responsible, rather than expecting Western nations to address the causes of climate change.
‘Despite the real environmental threats Africa faces, a sense of Afro-Capability was strong throughout this survey and seen in the willingness and desire of young Africans to confront these problems head on, whether by calling for the implementation of renewable energies, or demanding action on better recycling programs or wanting to pursue careers in sustainability. It is this spirit which lends hope to solutions being found, but much more has to be done to empower Africa’s youth to lead the charge on climate action.’
While Africa is home to nearly 20 percent of the world’s population, the continent has only contributed 4 percent of its carbon emissions. An in-depth report by the Brookings Institute nonetheless suggests that GDP exposure in African nations vulnerable to extreme climate patterns was projected to grow from $895bn in 2018 to roughly $1.4 trillion in 2023—nearly half of the continent’s GDP.
Ichikowitz added: ‘We have witnessed the power of Greta Thunberg as a young, inspirational eco-warrior. Our survey indicates that Africa has many of its own armies of Greta Thunbergs, ready to take up the baton in the fight for the preservation of our precious continent and planet. African leadership, public and private sectors, must rethink their approach to engaging African youth in transformational climate action.’
The Ichikowitz Family Foundation is founded upon the belief that Africa’s potential can be unlocked through education, the respect for human rights, a better understanding of Africa’s dynamic history and the conservation of its rich biodiversity. In terms of environmental programmes, the Ichikowitz Family Foundation works to promote personal, communal, and corporate best practice in matters affecting the environment, including the sustainable utilisation of natural resources and conservation of Africa’s unique biodiversity, especially building capacity and support for anti-poaching operations.
The Ichikowitz Family Foundation initiates, funds and runs its own projects. Please visit www.ichikowitzfoundation.com for further information.